The Pied Piper of Hamelin leads 130 German children astray when he is not paid for removing a plague of rats.
Richard III becomes King of England.
His short reign is the subject of William Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Richard III.
Writer Pearl S. Buck (The Good Earth) born in Hillsboro, West Virginia.
Bluesman Big Bill Broonzy born in Lake Dick, Arkansas.
Actor, Peter Lorre born in Rózsahegy, Hungary.
During the Hayes Commission days of searching for 'reds' in Hollywood, Lorre was questioned by investigators.
They asked him to name anyone suspicious he had met since coming to the United States.
Lorre listed everyone he knew.
In Le Mans, France,French Grand Prix holds its first motor racing event.
Colonel Tom Parker, manager of Elvis Presley, born in Breda, Netherlands.
French secret agent during WWII, Violette Szabo born in Paris.
Charlie Chaplin's comedy film The Gold Rush premiers.
Graphic designer, Milton Glaser born in New York.
The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.
Shirley Jackson's short story The Lottery is published in The New Yorker magazine.
English poet and author Malcolm Lowry (Under the Volcano) dies by misadventure in Ripe, England.
Cyclist Greg LeMond born in Lakewood, California.
He became the first non-European win the Tour de France, and he remains the only winner from the United States.
John F. Kennedy makes his 'Ich bin ein Berliner' speech to one and a quarter million Germans at the Brandenburg Gate.