During the Battle of the Ice on Lake Peipus, Russian forces, led by Alexander Nevsky, turn back an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights.
English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (Leviathan) born in Westport, England.
French revolutionary Georges Jacques Danton guillotined as a traitor.
Poet Algernon Swinburne born in London.
Actor Spencer Tracy born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Eccentric monologist Lord Buckley (Richard Myrle Buckley) born in Tuolumne, California.
Actress Bette Davis (The Petrified Forest) born in Lowell, Massachusetts.
Writer Robert Bloch (Psycho) born in Chicago.
Film director and artist Peter Greenaway (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover) born in Newport, Wales.
Nirvana lead singer Kurt Cobain commits suicide.
Poet Allen Ginsberg (Howl) passes away in New York City.