Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City.
Italian cartographer and explorer, Amerigo Vespucci born in Florence, Italy.
The feminized Latin version of Vespucci's first name gives us the name America.
Private secretary to Mary, Queen of Scots, David Rizzio, is murdered in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Founder of phrenology Franz Joseph Gall born in the village of Tiefenbronn in Grand Duchy of Baden.
Wealth of Nations by Scottish economist Adam Smith is published.
The ironclad warships USS Monitor and CSS Virginia fight to a draw in the Battle of Hampton Roads.
Author, poet and gardener Vita Sackville-West born in Knole House, Kent, England.
Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa leads nearly 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against the border town of Columbus, New Mexico.
Writer Mickey Spillane born in Brooklyn, New York.
Jazz saxophonist Ornette Coleman born in Fort Worth, Texas.
First man in outer space, Yuri Gagarin born in Klushino, Russia.
Chess player Bobby Fischer born in Chicago.